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Abhishek Rege, Samantha I. Cunningham, Yusi Liu, Karan Raje, Sachin Kalarn, M. Jason Brooke, Lisa Schocket, Sunni Scott, Asifa Shafi, Luis Toledo, Osamah J. Saeedi; Noninvasive Assessment of Retinal Blood Flow Using a Novel Handheld Laser Speckle Contrast Imager. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2018;7(6):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.7.6.7.
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We assessed the image quality and reproducibility of blood flow measurements from a novel handheld laser speckle imager in handheld and stabilized use cases.
Eleven dilated human subjects were imaged with the XyCAM Handheld Retinal Imager investigational device (XyCAM HRI) in the handheld and stabilized use case in nine consecutive imaging sessions. Subjects then underwent standard color fundus photography using a Topcon TRC 50DX. The vessel-to-background contrast of the XyCAM HRI red-free photo was compared to the fundus photograph, while the coefficient of variation of blood flow measurements in specific arteries and veins also was determined.
Vessel-to-background contrast was statistically greater in the handheld use case when compared to the standard color fundus photographs (P = 0.01). Estimates of mean blood flow velocity (BFV) were highly correlated between the stabilized and handheld use case (r2 = 0.96). Peak velocity estimates in arteries were significantly higher than those in veins (P < 0.05).
The XyCAM HRI prototype can acquire fundus photographs with the same or better level of clarity as color fundus photographs, and reproducibly acquire functional blood flow information in the handheld use case.
To our knowledge, this is the first human study of a handheld laser speckle retinal imaging device. Determination of retinal blood flow has applications to ophthalmic and systemic disease and a portable handheld retinal imager that determines blood flow may be widely adopted at the point of care.
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