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Jason Charng, Paul G. Sanfilippo, Mary S. Attia, Monika Dolliver, Sukanya Arunachalam, Avenell L. Chew, Evan N. Wong, David A. Mackey, Fred K. Chen; Interpreting MAIA Microperimetry Using Age- and Retinal Loci-Specific Reference Thresholds. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(7):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.7.19.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Macular Integrity Assessment (MAIA) microperimetry is used widely in clinical trials and routine practice to assess paracentral scotoma. Current interpretation of MAIA is based on an assumed uniform 25 decibel (dB) cutoff for normal function irrespective of subject age and retinal location. We examined this convention by establishing an age- and loci-specific reference in healthy eyes and comparing this to the <25 dB cutoff.
Retrospective MAIA results from healthy eyes were analyzed for prevalence of loci with <25 dB. At each locus, a new reference cutoff was derived from quantile regression of sensitivity against age at the 2.5th percentile. Two clinical cases of serial MAIA testing were analyzed using the new approach and compared to the <25 dB cutoff.
Fifty-four and 56 age-matched (range: 16–75 years) healthy eyes underwent small (37 loci) and large (68 loci) grid testing, respectively. Retinal sensitivity <25 dB was found in 5% of the small grid (1998 data points) and 10% of the large grid (3808 data points). These were found predominantly in older subjects and at the central point or in the perifoveal region. Quantile regression at each individual locus showed age-related decline with a median gradient of 0.6 dB/decade.
We caution against using <25 dB cutoff in MAIA interpretation and advocate an age- and loci-specific cutoff criterion.
Our study suggests that MAIA interpretation is influenced by the criterion used for defining abnormal pointwise measurement.
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