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Stuart K. Gardiner, Shaban Demirel, Deborah Goren, Steven L. Mansberger, William H. Swanson; The Effect of Stimulus Size on the Reliable Stimulus Range of Perimetry. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2015;4(2):10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.4.2.10.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Automated perimetry uses a 3.5 log unit (35dB) range of stimulus contrasts to assess function within the visual field. Using ‘Size III' stimuli (0.43°), presenting stimuli within the highest 15dB of available contrast may not increase the response probability at locations damaged by glaucoma, due to retinal ganglion cell response saturation. This experiment examines the effect of instead using ‘Size V' (1.72°) stimuli.
Luminance increment thresholds for circular spot stimuli of each stimulus size were measured in 35 participants (mean deviation −20.9 to −3.4 dB, ages 52–87) using the method of constant stimuli, at four locations per participant. Frequency-of-seeing curves were fit at each size and location, with three free parameters: mean, standard deviation, and asymptotic maximum response probability. These were used to estimate the contrasts to which each participant would respond on 25% of presentations (c25).
Using segmented orthogonal regression, the maximum observed response probabilities for size III stimuli began to decline at c25 = 25.2 dB (95% confidence interval 23.3–29.0 dB from bootstrap resampling). This decline started at similar contrast for the size V stimulus: c25 = 25.0dB (22.0–26.8 dB). Among locations at which the sensitivity was above these split-points for both stimulus sizes, c25 averaged 5.6 dB higher for size V than size III stimuli.
The lower limit of the reliable stimulus range did not differ significantly between stimulus sizes. However, more locations remained within the reliable stimulus range when using the size V stimulus.
Size V stimuli enable reliable clinical testing later into the glaucomatous disease process.
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