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Kazunori Hirasawa, Masato Matsuura, Hiroshi Murata, Shunsuke Nakakura, Yoshitaka Nakao, Yoshiaki Kiuchi, Ryo Asaoka; Association between Corneal Biomechanical Properties with Ocular Response Analyzer and Also CorvisST Tonometry, and Glaucomatous Visual Field Severity. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2017;6(3):18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.6.3.18.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the association between corneal biomechanical properties measured with the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and also CorvisST (CST) tonometry, and glaucomatous visual field (VF) severity.
One hundred forty-six eyes of 91 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma who performed Humphrey Field Analyzer 30-2 or 24-2 SITA-Standard, ORA, and CST within 180 days were included in this multicentral, observational cross-sectional study. The association between ORA parameters (corneal hysteresis [CH] and corneal resistant factor [CRF]), CST parameters (A1 and A2 time, A1 and A2 length, A1 and A2 velocity, A1 and A2 deformation amplitude, highest deformation amplitude, highest concavity time, peak distance, and radius), and other basic parameters (age, intraocular pressure with Goldmann applanation tonometry, central corneal thickness, and axial length) against mean total deviation (mTD) were analyzed using a linear mixed-model and model selection with corrected Akaike Information Criterion (AICc).
The optimal model of VF severity included ORA's CH as well as a number of CST parameters, including A1 length, A2 time, radius, and highest concavity deformation amplitude (AICc: 971.7). The possibility this model describes visual field severity more accurately than the optimal model without CST parameters was 99.98%.
Glaucomatous VF severity was best described by both ORA and CST parameters. Eyes with corneas that experience sharp and deep indentation at the maximum deformation, wide indentation at the first applanation, and early second applanation in the CST measurement are more likely to show advanced VF severity.
CorvisST tonometry parameters are related to VF severity in glaucoma patients.
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