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Lee Slutzky, Guy Kleinmann; Further Enhancement of Intraocular Open-Capsule Devices for Prevention of Posterior Capsule Opacification. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2018;7(1):21. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.7.1.21.
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We improve the intraocular open-capsule devices (IOCD) for the prevention of posterior capsule opacification (PCO).
A total of 45 New Zealand rabbit eyes were divided into six similar groups after crystalline lens evacuation. Each group was implanted with a hydrophilic intraocular lens (IOL) and a hydrophilic IOCD of different designs. In the first experiment (Part A), a square design ring with and without large apertures was compared to a round design ring without apertures. In the second experiment (Part B), a square design ring with large apertures was compared to square design IOCDs with small apertures of high and low density. PCO and Soemmering's ring were evaluated clinically, by the Miyake Apple view, and histologically. The results were compared to a control group of eyes implanted with a hydrophilic IOL only.
All devices showed significant prevention of PCO and Soemmering's ring compared to the control group. Part A: the square design with apertures had the lowest level of peripheral lens epithelial cells proliferation (protrusions). Part B: modifying the size and density of the apertures had no influence on those protrusions.
The IOCD significantly reduced the rate of PCO and its precursor, Soemmering's ring. The rings with the square edges and apertures produced the best results. The study was underpowered to determine the influence of the apertures design.
The IOCD has the potential to prevent up to 80% of the PCO cases; the most common complication after cataract surgery. The design of the ring is important for its success.
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