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Cheng Qiu, Kassandra R. Lee, Jae-Hyun Jung, Robert Goldstein, Eli Peli; Motion Parallax Improves Object Recognition in the Presence of Clutter in Simulated Prosthetic Vision. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2018;7(5):29. doi: 10.1167/tvst.7.5.29.
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Efficacy of current visual prostheses in object recognition is limited. Among various limitations to be addressed, such as low resolution and low dynamic range, here we focus on reducing the impact of background clutter on object recognition. We have proposed the use of motion parallax via head-mounted camera lateral scanning and computationally stabilizing the object of interest (OI) to support neural background decluttering. Simulations in head-mounted displays (HMD), mimicking the proposed effect, were used to test object recognition in normally sighted subjects.
Images (24° field of view) were captured from multiple viewpoints and presented at a low resolution (20 × 20). All viewpoints were centered on the OI. Experimental conditions (2 × 3) included clutter (with or without) × head scanning (single viewpoint, 9 coherent viewpoints corresponding to subjects' head positions, and 9 randomly associated viewpoints). Subjects used lateral head movements to view OIs in the HMD. Each object was displayed only once for each subject.
The median recognition rate without clutter was 40% for all head scanning conditions. Performance with synthetic background clutter dropped to 10% in the static condition, but it was improved to 20% with the coherent and random head scanning (corrected P = 0.005 and P = 0.049, respectively).
Background decluttering using motion parallax cues but not the coherent multiple views of the OI improved object recognition in low-resolution images. The improvement did not fully eliminate the impact of background.
Motion parallax is an effective but incomplete decluttering solution for object recognition with visual prostheses.
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