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Tae-Hoon Kim, Taeyoon Son, Yiming Lu, Minhaj Alam, Xincheng Yao; Comparative Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Wild-Type and rd10 Mouse Retinas. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2018;7(6):42. doi: 10.1167/tvst.7.6.42.
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To conduct longitudinal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to characterize dynamic changes of trilaminar vascular plexuses in wild-type (WT) and retinal degeneration 10 (rd10) mouse retinas.
Longitudinal in vivo OCT/OCTA measurements of WT and rd10 mouse retinas were conducted at postnatal day 14 (P14), P17, P21, P24, and P28. OCT images were used to quantify retinal thickness changes, while OCTA images were used to investigate vascular dynamics within the trilaminar vascular plexuses, that is, superficial vascular plexus (SVP), intermediate capillary plexus (ICP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP). Blood vessel densities of all three plexus layers were quantitatively evaluated separately. The caliber of first-order blood vessel branches in the SVP layer was also measured.
Vascular densities in all three plexuses continuously decreased with aging in both WT and rd10. However, abnormal density reduction in rd10 occurred at P17 in both ICP (P < 0.001) and DCP (P < 0.001). While the ICP of rd10 showed density recovery at P24, the DCP of rd10 showed significantly low density. Remarkable vascular narrowing in rd10 was also observed in the SVP, especially at P28.
The most severe vascular impairment happened in the DCP, while the ICP showed the transient recovery of vascular density after the onset of retinal degeneration. The SVP was most resistant to the retinal degeneration, but the first-order blood vessel branches within the SVP showed progressive narrowing.
Better understanding of the vascular changes correlated with retinal development, and retinal degeneration can provide insights in advanced development of treatment protocols of retinal degenerative diseases.
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