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Joseph D. Bogaard, Jonathon B. Young, Asad Movahedan, Iris S. Kassem; Use of a Juvenile Rabbit Animal Model to Evaluate Therapeutic Interventions for Postoperative Inflammation and Fibrin Formation After Lensectomy. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(1):5. doi: 10.1167/tvst.8.1.5.
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We used the juvenile rabbit as a model for investigating therapeutic interventions for postoperative inflammation and fibrin formation following intraocular lens (IOL) insertion for management of pediatric cataracts.
Twelve 6- to 7-week-old, 600 to 900 g rabbits underwent bilateral clear-cornea lensectomy via irrigation and aspiration with IOL insertion. Following wound closure, enoxaparin 8 mg (n = 6 eyes), preservative-free triamcinolone 0.5 mg (n = 6), 8 mg enoxaparin plus 0.5 mg triamcinolone (n = 6), or balanced salt solution (n = 6) was injected into the anterior chamber. Slit-lamp examinations and optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans were performed postoperatively on days 3 through 7, and 14 to characterize levels of inflammation and fibrin. Using 17 additional rabbits, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) with 100 μL of aqueous humor were performed to quantify the amount of fibrinogen and fibrin preoperatively and on postoperative day 3. Immunohistochemistry was performed to confirm the presence of fibrin.
Enoxaparin alone and combined with triamcinolone reduced the amount of fibrin present in the anterior chamber compared to untreated eyes, which corresponded to an increase in OCT signal strength. Despite the clear visual axis shown in clinical images, the combination treatment group had the highest levels of soluble fibrin when assessed by ELISA. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the presence of insoluble fibrin seen clinically.
A combination of enoxaparin and triamcinolone appears to provide the most therapeutic benefit by reducing fibrin formation and postoperative inflammation.
The juvenile rabbit is an excellent model to investigate inflammation and fibrin formation following lensectomy with IOL insertion and possibly any intraocular surgery in children.
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