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Preena Tanna, Michalis Georgiou, Rupert W. Strauss, Naser Ali, Neruban Kumaran, Angelos Kalitzeos, Kaoru Fujinami, Michel Michaelides; Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Assessment of the Ellipsoid Zone in Childhood-Onset Stargardt Disease. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(2):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.8.2.1.
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To evaluate the reliability of ellipsoid zone (EZ) loss width and area measurements from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images and track disease progression in childhood-onset Stargardt disease (STGD1).
Children with molecularly confirmed STGD1 (n = 46, mean age 12.4 years) underwent SD-OCT for the measurement of the transverse (width) loss of the EZ and en face analysis to quantify the area of EZ loss. All scans were analyzed twice by two graders to evaluate reliability. The annual rate of EZ width and area loss were calculated.
The intra- and intergrader reliability of transverse EZ loss and area of EZ loss measurements at baseline for both graders was 0.99. The mean annual rate of transverse EZ loss (±standard deviation) was 279.5 ± 259.9 μm/y. The mean rate of area of EZ loss (±standard deviation) was 1.20 ± 1.29 mm2/y. The percentage transverse EZ loss was 10.2 ± 9.9%/y, which was significantly lower than the area of EZ loss at 19.4 ± 16.3%/y. High degree of interocular symmetry was observed.
This is a prospective study on the quantification of EZ loss in children with STGD1 and highlights the reliability of SD-OCT in measuring EZ loss. High intra- and intergrader reliability was observed, with good ability to detect changes over time.
Measuring the area of EZ loss was more sensitive compared with transverse EZ width loss measurements and will be valuable for natural history studies and clinical trials requiring sensitive and reliable structural endpoints.
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