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Travis B. Smith, Maria A. Parker, Peter N. Steinkamp, Albert Romo, Laura R. Erker, Brandon J. Lujan, Ning Smith; Reliability of Spectral-Domain OCT Ellipsoid Zone Area and Shape Measurements in Retinitis Pigmentosa. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(3):37. doi: 10.1167/tvst.8.3.37.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We investigate the ellipsoid zone (EZ) area and EZ boundary shape measurement reliability and the operability characteristics of two methods of EZ boundary delineation in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
EZ boundaries in SD-OCT scans of 122 eyes from 64 subjects with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa were delineated by three raters using two methods, termed the profile and en face methods. For each method, we determined the measurement reliabilities for boundary area (EZ area) and boundary shape, percentage of eyes with measurable EZ (measurability), time required, and effect of rater experience.
With expert raters, inter- and intrarater area intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were 0.986 and 0.980 (profile) and 0.959 and 0.976 (en face), respectively. In comparison, the corresponding shape ICCs were 0.906 and 0.891 (profile) and 0.845 and 0.885 (en face), indicating lower reliability for the raw measurements (P ≤ 0.01). Only profile method interrater reliability depended on experience. Average measurement times per eye were 8.2 (profile) and 4.1 (en face) minutes. Measurability percentages were 99.2% (profile) and 73.0% (en face).
The slower profile method had better measurability, and with expert raters yielded the best area and shape reliabilities. The faster, but less sensitive, en face method still showed excellent reliability, and was less dependent on experience. Shape analysis reveals the boundary measurements underpinning EZ area have lower reliability than suggested by area analysis.
This study provides new reliability perspectives and logistical considerations for the manual measurement procedures that generate EZ area outcome measures.
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