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Emily Dosmar, Wenqiang Liu, Geeya Patel, Alison Rogozinski, William F. Mieler, Jennifer J. Kang-Mieler; Controlled Release of Vancomycin From a Thermoresponsive Hydrogel System for the Prophylactic Treatment of Postoperative Acute Endophthalmitis. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(3):53. doi: 10.1167/tvst.8.3.53.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the efficacy of a poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) based thermo-responsive hydrogel drug delivery system (DDS) to deliver prophylactic vancomycin (VAN) following ocular surgery.
VAN was encapsulated in a hydrogel DDS and characterized in terms of initial burst, release kinetics, bioactivity, and cytotoxicity. Long-Evans rats received an intravitreal injection of Staphylococcus aureus to produce acute endophthalmitis in four experimental groups. One of four treatments were then applied: (1) bolus subconjunctival injection of VAN, (2) blank DDS, (3) saline treatment, and (4) subconjunctival injection of VAN DDS. Animals were scored for infection (0–3) at 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours, and eyes were harvested at 24 and 48 hours for histology.
Following a 36% initial burst, VAN release from the DDS continued at a steady rate for 2 weeks plateauing at 84% after 504 hours. Bioactivity was maintained for all release samples and cytotoxicity analysis for the DDS revealed cell viability >90%. Not until after 12 hours did any of the groups show evidence of infection; however, at 24 hours, animals that received the VAN DDS had significantly lower infection scores (0 ± 0) than those that received a bolus VAN injection, blank DDS, or saline (1.5 ±1.5, 2.3 ± 0.87, and 2.9 ± 0.25; respectively). At 48 and 72 hours, the VAN DDS and bolus VAN treatment groups performed comparably and showed significantly better infection scores than the control groups.
This DDS appears to have promise as a vehicle for short term, prophylactic antibiotic delivery.
This DDS may prevent the development of postoperative endophthalmitis.
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