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Deepmala Mazumdar, Najiya S. Kadavath Meethal, Manish Panday, Rashima Asokan, Gijs Thepass, Ronnie J. George, Johannes van der Steen, Johan J. M. Pel; Effect of Age, Sex, Stimulus Intensity, and Eccentricity on Saccadic Reaction Time in Eye Movement Perimetry. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(4):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.8.4.13.
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In eye movement perimetry (EMP), the extent of the visual field is tested by assessing the saccades using an eye tracker. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of age and sex of the subjects, the eccentricity and intensity of the peripheral stimuli on saccadic reaction time (SRT), and the interaction between these parameters in healthy participants.
Healthy participants aged between 20 to 70 years underwent a complete ophthalmic examination and an EMP test. SRT was determined from detected peripheral stimuli of four intensity levels. A multilevel mixed-model analysis was used to verify the influence of subject and stimulus characteristics on SRT within the tested visual field.
Ninety-five subjects (mean age 43.0 [15.0] years) were included. Age, stimulus intensity, and eccentricity had a statistically significant effect on SRT, not sex. SRTs were significantly faster with increasing stimulus intensity and decreasing eccentricity (P < 0.001). At the lowest stimulus intensity of 192 cd/m2, a significant interaction was found between age and eccentricity.
The current study demonstrated significant SRT dependence across the visual field measured up to 27°, irrespective of sex. The presented SRT values may serve as a first normative guide for EMP.
This report of SRT interaction can aid in refining its use as a measure of visual field responsiveness.
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