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Monika E. Danielewska, Alina Messner, René M. Werkmeister, Michał M. Placek, Valentin Aranha dos Santos, Marek Rękas, Leopold Schmetterer; Relationship Between the Parameters of Corneal and Fundus Pulse Signals Acquired With a Combined Ultrasound and Laser Interferometry Technique. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2019;8(4):15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.8.4.15.
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To estimate the relationship between the characteristics of the corneal pulse (CP) signal and those of the fundus pulse (FP) signal measured with a combined noncontact ultrasonic and laser interferometry technique in healthy subjects.
Twenty-two healthy subjects participated in experiments that included measurements of intraocular pressure, ocular pulse amplitude, ocular biometry, blood pressure, and heart rate. Additionally, simultaneous recordings of CP and FP signals were acquired with a noncontact ultrasonic device combined with laser interferometry. Subsequently, ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and the time and spectral parameters of CP and FP signals were computed. A system model was proposed to relate the FP signal to the CP signal.
The system model revealed that the eye globe transfers information between signals of the posterior and anterior eye, relatively amplifying higher spectral harmonics. The amplitude of the second CP harmonic is predicted by FPRMS and OPP (R2 = 0.468, P = 0.002). Partial correlation analysis showed that the CP signal parameters are statistically significantly correlated with those of the FP signal and OPP, after correcting for age and sex.
The eye globe can be viewed as a high pass filter, in which the CP characteristic changes in relation to the fundus pulsation. The FP signal and OPP have an impact on the variations of the CP signal morphology.
Investigation of differences between the characteristics of the anterior and posterior tissue movements is a promising method for evaluating the role of circulatory and biomechanical components in the pathophysiology of ocular diseases.
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