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Brittni A. Scruggs, R. V. Paul Chan, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Michael F. Chiang, J. Peter Campbell; Artificial Intelligence in Retinopathy of Prematurity Diagnosis. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(2):5. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.2.5.
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Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness worldwide. The diagnosis of ROP is subclassified by zone, stage, and plus disease, with each area demonstrating significant intra- and interexpert subjectivity and disagreement. In addition to improved efficiencies for ROP screening, artificial intelligence may lead to automated, quantifiable, and objective diagnosis in ROP. This review focuses on the development of artificial intelligence for automated diagnosis of plus disease in ROP and highlights the clinical and technical challenges of both the development and implementation of artificial intelligence in the real world.
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