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Tommaso Rossi, Stefano Saffioti, Giampiero Angelini, Giorgio Querzoli, Serena Telani, Alessandro Rossi, Guido Ripandelli; Testing a Novel Device for Accurate Ultrasound Delivery During Crystalline Lens Phacoemulsification Surgery. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(3):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.3.7.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To assess whether the use of a patented, novel feedback device intended to accurately control phacoemulsification tip elongation is effective under varying machine settings and material resistance.
Sculpt mode phaco (550-mm Hg Venturi pump; elongations, 35 and 70 µm) and quadrant settings (550-mm Hg Venturi pump; elongations, 15, 30, and 60 µm) were used in agar gel of incremental density (1%, 2%, 3%, and 6% in demineralized water). Dispersed lens fragments were also simulated with 6% agar gel spherules (2–5 mm in diameter; 550-mm Hg vacuum, and 60-µm elongation). Actual phaco tip elongation was measured on voltage readings from the piezoelectric crystals and compared to nominal elongation with feedback control off and on.
Mismatch between nominal and actual elongation when feedback control was off in sculpt mode varied between –13.51 µm and –23.07 µm of nominal elongation; in quadrant mode, mismatch varied between –2.79 µm and –20.41 µm. When the feedback control system was switched on, mismatch varied between –0.02 µm and +0.43 µm (P < 0.001 for all matchings). When the feedback system was off, the elongation mismatch among the 1%, 3%, and 6% agar was also statistically significant (P < 0.001). Elongation was 44.72 ± 4.16 µm with feedback control off and 60.02 ± 1.63 µm with it on (nominal elongation 60 µm; P < 0.001) when emulsifying agar 6% gel fragments. Dispersion of elongation data was also significantly wider when feedback control was turned off.
A novel feedback control system effectively controls elongation accuracy regardless of the resistance offered by incremental agar gel concentrations.
Implementing feedback control in phaco handpieces dramatically improves surgical accuracy. The translational value of this research relies on its immediate applicability to routine cataract surgery, resulting in a more appropriate use of ultrasound energy.
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