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Se-Hee Lee, Kyung-Sik Shin, Jae-Woo Kim, Ji-Yoon Kang, Jong-Ki Kim; Stimulus-Responsive Contact Lens for IOP Measurement or Temperature-Triggered Drug Release. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(4):1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.4.1.
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Continuous monitoring of elevated intraocular pressure and timely drug delivery for successful treatment of glaucoma are necessary to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP), which shows wide variations across the circadian pattern and in response to medication. This in vivo study presents a new contact lens-based method of optical IOP measurement or temperature-triggered drug elution.
A contact lens with moiré patterns of concentric circles measures the changes in eyeball diameter of a rabbit glaucoma model due to changes in IOP by superimposing a camera-captured image onto the micro pattern of the contact lens with a computer-assisted virtual reference image. Drug elution from the nanoporous bicontinuous microemulsion contact lens (BME-CL) into the eye of the rabbit was triggered by a temperature-responsive nanogel drug carrier.
The moiré pattern change on the contact lens was proportional to the IOP increase in the rabbit eye either ex vivo or in vivo and was also correlated with imaging-based alterations in the anterior chamber angle at a range of IOP values (3–40 mm Hg). The cumulative drug absorbed reached as high as 10.6 µg/mL aqueous humor until 7 days after wearing the BME-CL, and a 33% decrease in IOP was observed at 3 hours after drug elution.
The results suggest that continuous measurement and treatment of elevated IOP are feasible using moiré pattern-inscribed and thermosensitive drug-eluting contact lenses, respectively.
Pressure-sensing or thermosensitive contact lenses enable monitoring IOP or drug release triggered by body temperature for the treatment of glaucoma patients.
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