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Katie M. Litts, Mali Okada, Tjebo F. C. Heeren, Angelos Kalitzeos, Vincent Rocco, Rebecca R. Mastey, Navjit Singh, Thomas Kane, Melissa Kasilian, Marcus Fruttiger, Michel Michaelides, Joseph Carroll, Catherine Egan; Longitudinal Assessment of Remnant Foveal Cone Structure in a Case Series of Early Macular Telangiectasia Type 2. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(4):27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.4.27.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To determine the extent of remnant cone structure within early foveal ellipsoid zone (EZ) lesions in macular telangiectasia type 2 longitudinally using both confocal and split detector adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO).
Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), confocal and split detector AOSLO were acquired from seven patients (10 eyes) with small (early) EZ lesions on SDOCT secondary to macular telangiectasia type 2 at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. The presence of cone structure on AOSLO in areas of EZ loss as well as cones at 1° eccentricity, and their change over time were quantified.
By split detector AOSLO, remnant cone structure was identified within and on the borders of all foveal EZ lesions. Within the extent of these lesions, cone spacing ranged from 4.97 to 9.95 µm at baseline, 5.30 to 6.10 µm at 6 months, and 4.99 to 7.12 µm at 12 months. Four eyes with significantly smaller EZ lesions showed evidence of recovery of EZ reflectivity on SDOCT B-scans. Remnant cone structure was identified in some areas where EZ reflectivity recovered at the following time point. Eyes that showed recovery of EZ reflectivity had a continuous external limiting membrane.
Remnant cone structure can persist within small SDOCT-defined EZ lesions, which can wax and wane in appearance over time. AOSLO can help to inform the interpretation of SDOCT imaging.
The absence of EZ in early macular telangiectasia type 2 and other retinal conditions needs careful interpretation because it does not always indicate an absence of underlying cone structure. The integrity of the external limiting membrane may better predict the presence of remnant cone structure and recovery of EZ reflectivity.
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