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Myra B. McGuinness, Rogan G. Fraser, Rose Tan, Chi D. Luu, Robyn H. Guymer; Relationship Between Rod-Mediated Sensitivity, Low-Luminance Visual Acuity, and Night Vision Questionnaire in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(6):30. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.6.30.
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To quantify the association between dark adaptation parameters and other clinical measures of visual function among people with and without early and intermediate age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
In this cross-sectional study, participants underwent multimodal imaging and visual function testing, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), low-luminance visual acuity (LLVA), low-luminance deficit (LLD = BCVA – LLVA) and the 10-item Night Vision Questionnaire (NVQ-10). Dynamic and static dark-adapted chromatic perimetry (DACP) was performed. Sensitivity difference was defined as the difference in sensitivity between the 505-nm and 625-nm stimuli. Rod intercept time (RIT) was estimated as the time required to reach a threshold of −3 log candelas/meter2 with the 505-nm stimulus following bleaching. The magnitude of association between the DACP parameters and other clinical tests was estimated via mixed-effects regression.
A total of 51 participants (aged 51–88 years, 65% female, 39% with AMD) were included. RIT was found to be negatively associated with BCVA (P < 0.001), LLVA (P = 0.005), and NVQ-10 score (P = 0.028) but not LLD (P = 0.763). There was no evidence of an association between sensitivity difference and any of the clinical measures (P ≥ 0.081).
Reduced rod function, as determined by RIT, was associated with lower NVQ-10 scores (designed to interrogate rod-mediated function) and with worse BCVA and LLVA (measures of cone function).
Decreasing rod function maybe indicative of more generalized photoreceptor dysfunction involving cones. Further development of questionnaires to target function in scotopic conditions may provide an easier to administer test without the need to perform perimetric tests of rod function.
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