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Alison Heffer, Victor Wang, Jayanth Sridhar, Steven E. Feldon, Richard T. Libby, Collynn F. Woeller, Ajay E. Kuriyan; A Mouse Model of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy Induced by Intravitreal Injection of Gas and RPE Cells. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(7):9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.7.9.
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Develop a reproducible proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) mouse model that mimics human PVR pathology.
Mice received intravitreal injections of SF6 gas, followed by retinal pigment epithelial cells 1 week later. PVR progression was monitored using fundus photography and optical coherence tomography imaging, and histologic analysis of the retina as an endpoint. We developed a PVR grading scheme tailored for this model.
We report that mice that received gas before retinal pigment epithelial injection developed more severe PVR. In the 1 × 104 retinal pigment epithelial cell group, after 1 week, 0 of 11 mice in the no gas group developed grade 4 or greater PVR compared with 5 of 13 mice in the SF6 gas group (P = 0.02); after 4 weeks, 3 of 11 mice in the no gas group developed grade 5 or greater PVR compared with 11 of 14 mice in the SF6 gas group (P = 0.01). We were able to visualize contractile membranes both on the retinal surface as well as within the vitreous of PVR eyes, and demonstrated through immunohistochemical staining that these membranes expressed fibrotic markers alpha smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and fibronectin, as well as other markers known to be found in human PVR membranes.
This mouse PVR model is reproducible and mimics aspects of PVR pathology reported in the rabbit PVR model and human PVR. The major advantage is the ability to study PVR development in different genetic backgrounds to further elucidate aspects of PVR pathogenesis. Additionally, large-scale experiments for testing pharmacologic agents to treat and prevent PVR progression is more feasible compared with other animal models.
This model will provide a platform for screening potential drug therapies to treat and prevent PVR, as well as elucidate different molecular pathways involved in PVR pathogenesis.
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