Purchase this article with an account.
Qitong Gao, Ying Xu, Joshua Amason, Anna Loksztejn, Scott Cousins, Miroslav Pajic, Majda Hadziahmetovic; Automated Recognition of Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells on Limited Training Samples Using Neural Networks. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(2):31. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.2.31.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To develop a neural network (NN)–based approach, with limited training resources, that identifies and counts the number of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells in confocal microscopy images obtained from cell culture or mice RPE/choroid flat-mounts.
Training and testing dataset contained two image types: wild-type mice RPE/choroid flat-mounts and ARPE 19 cells, stained for Rhodamine-phalloidin, and imaged with confocal microscopy. After image preprocessing for denoising and contrast adjustment, scale-invariant feature transform descriptors were used for feature extraction. Training labels were derived from cells in the original training images, annotated and converted to Gaussian density maps. NNs were trained using the set of training input features, such that the obtained NN models accurately predicted corresponding Gaussian density maps and thus accurately identifies/counts the cells in any such image.
Training and testing datasets contained 229 images from ARPE19 and 85 images from RPE/choroid flat-mounts. Within two data sets, 30% and 10% of the images, were selected for validation. We achieved 96.48% ± 6.56% and 96.88% ± 3.68% accuracy (95% CI), on ARPE19 and RPE/choroid flat-mounts.
We developed an NN-based approach that can accurately estimate the number of RPE cells contained in confocal images. Our method achieved high accuracy with limited training images, proved that it can be effectively used on images with unclear and curvy boundaries, and outperformed existing relevant methods by decreasing prediction error and variance.
This approach allows efficient and effective characterization of RPE pathology and furthermore allows the assessment of novel therapeutics.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only