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Rachel S. Chong, Joanna M. F. Busoy, Bingyao Tan, Sia Wey Yeo, Ying Shi Lee, Amutha V. Barathi, Jonathan G. Crowston, Leopold Schmetterer; A Minimally Invasive Experimental Model of Acute Ocular Hypertension with Acute Angle Closure Characteristics. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(7):24. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.7.24.
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To describe a minimally invasive experimental model of acute ocular hypertension (OHT) with characteristics of acute angle closure (AAC).
Adult C57/Bl6 mice (n = 31) were subjected to OHT in one eye using a modified circumlimbal suture technique that elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) for 30 minutes. Contralateral un-operated eyes served as controls. IOP, anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) were performed. The positive scotopic threshold response (pSTR) and a-wave and b-wave amplitudes were also evaluated. Retinal tissues were immunostained for the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) marker RBPMS and the glial marker GFAP.
OHT eyes developed shallower anterior chambers and dilated pupils. FFA showed focal leakage in 32.2% of OHT eyes, but in none of the control eyes. pSTR was significantly reduced at week 1 in OHT eyes compared to control eyes (57.3 ± 7.2 µV vs. 106.9 ± 24.8 µV; P < 0.05), but a- and b-waves were unaffected. GFAP was upregulated in OHT eyes but not in control eyes or eyes that had been sutured without OHT. RGC density was reduced in OHT eyes after 4 weeks (3857 ± 143.8) vs. control eyes (4469 ± 176.0) (P < 0.05).
Our minimally invasive model resulted in acute OHT with characteristics of AAC in the absence of non-OHT-related neuroinflammatory changes arising from ocular injury alone.
This model provides a valuable approach to studying specific characteristics of a severe blinding disease in an experimental setting. Focal areas of ischemia were demonstrated, consistent with clinical studies of acute angle closure patients elsewhere, which may indicate the need for further research into how this could affect visual outcome in these patients.
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