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Eberhart Zrenner, Graham E. Holder, Ulrich Schiefer, John M. Wild; Quality Control Procedures and Baseline Values for Electroretinography, Perimetry, Color Vision, and Visual Acuity in an International Multicenter Study: Observations from a Safety Trial in Chronic Stable Angina Pectoris. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(8):38. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.8.38.
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To describe quality control procedures and baseline values of electroretinography (ERG), kinetic and static perimetry, color discrimination, and best-corrected visual acuity from a multicenter ocular safety study.
A multicenter prospective longitudinal randomized placebo-controlled study was conducted at 11 ophthalmic centers that had received certification following training, instruction, and monitoring. ERGs were obtained with the Espion E2 Ganzfeld console, perimetry with the Octopus 101 perimeter, color discrimination with the Lanthony desaturated D15 test, and best-corrected visual acuity with the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart. Ophthalmic eligibility required satisfactory outcomes for ERG and perimetry by the second or third pre-inclusion attempts, respectively. Quality control for the ERG was undertaken by two central readers.
The mean (SD) age of the 97 individuals was 63.5 (7.9) range, 44–83 years. The overall coefficients of variation (CVs) for the ERG peak times were less than those of the only comparable single-center study. The CV for the mean defect of standard automated perimetry was approximately one-third that of the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study. With increasing age, ERG peak times and color discrimination Total Error Score increased while ERG amplitudes and isopter area all decreased.
The data illustrate the benefit of identical equipment, stringent on-site instruction and training, quality control, certification, and validation methods. The latter are recommended for planning and conducting multicenter trials using ERG and perimetry to monitor safety and/or efficacy of treatment intervention.
Stringent quality control procedures and reliable reference values are indispensable prerequisites for informative clinical trials.
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