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Jessica B. Burn, Alex S. Huang, Arthur J. Weber, Andras M. Komáromy, Chris G. Pirie; Aqueous Angiography in Normal Canine Eyes. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(9):44. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.9.44.
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To conduct aqueous angiography (AA) using a clinically applicable technique in normal dogs and to compare findings to intravenous scleral angiography (SA).
We examined 10 canine cadaver eyes and 12 eyes from live normal dogs. A gravity-fed trocar system delivered 2% sodium fluorescein and 0.25% indocyanine green (ICG) intracamerally (IC) in cadaver eyes. In vivo AA was subsequently performed in one eye of each of the 12 dogs via IC bolus of ICG under sedation. The same 12 dogs received SA via intravenous ICG (mean ± SD) 10.7 ± 3.3 days later. Identical scleral sectors were imaged using a Spectralis confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope.
The gravity-fed trocar system permitted visualization of the conventional aqueous humor outflow (CAHO) pathways in cadaver eyes, but not in vivo. Fluorescence was observed superonasally in four of the 10 cadaver eyes within 24.0 ± 3.6 seconds. A single IC bolus of ICG showed CAHO pathways in vivo, demonstrating sectoral outflow patterns in the superotemporal sclera in 10 of the 12 eyes within 35.0 ± 4.3 seconds; four of the 12 eyes exhibited pulsatile aqueous movement. SA exhibited fluorescence patterns comparable to AA with weak pulsatile aqueous humor outflow.
Angiography (AA or SA) in dogs permits visualization of the CAHO pathway and its vascular components in vivo. AA may be a more useful modality to assess aqueous humor outflow.
Intracameral AA has potential utility for evaluating CAHO in vivo in dogs, an important animal model species.
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