Purchase this article with an account.
Makiko Matsumoto, Kiyoshi Suzuma, Fumito Akiyama, Kanako Yamada, Shiori Harada, Eiko Tsuiki, Takashi Kitaoka; Retinal Microvascular Resistance Estimated from Waveform Analysis Is Significantly Higher With a Threshold Value in Central Retinal Vein Occlusion. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(11):4. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.11.4.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Evaluation of blood flow is useful for understanding the severity of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Actual blood flow may be determined by the resistivity of the retinal vein in CRVO. We have previously evaluated mean blur rate (MBR) to reflect total retinal blood flow velocity in CRVO cases using laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG). This study evaluated retinal total vascular resistance in CRVO cases using the new index of total capillary resistance (TCR) from LSFG.
We measured the TCR of 68 CRVO patients who visited Nagasaki University Hospital between 2009 and 2016 and 42 age-matched controls without systemic disease. We compared TCRs among control eyes, CRVO fellow eyes, and CRVO affected eyes. A CRVO threshold value was then obtained from the receiver operating characteristic curve.
MBR was significantly lower for CRVO affected eyes (20.3 ± 8.2) than for control eyes (37.5 ± 8.4; P < 0.01) and CRVO fellow eyes (36.4 ± 10.0; P < 0.01, Dunn's test). TCR was significantly higher for CRVO affected eyes (1.20 ± 0.55) than for control eyes (0.68 ± 0.2; P < 0.01) and CRVO fellow eyes (0.81 ± 0.28; P < 0.01, Dunn's test). The threshold for the presence of CRVO was 0.93 and area under the curve was 0.84.
By measuring TCR in addition to MBR, more detailed information regarding CRVO pathology can be obtained.
Comparison of values before and after treatment may be useful for evaluating the effects of treatment.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only