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Dongyan Pan, Mengqiao Xu, Xin Chang, Mao Xia, Yibin Fang, Yinghua Fu, Wei Shen, Yue Wang, Xiaodong Sun; Laser Capture Microdissection-Based RNA Microsequencing Reveals Optic Nerve Crush-Related Early mRNA Alterations in Retinal Ganglion Cell Layer. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(11):30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.11.30.
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To establish a method of laser capture microdissection (LCM) and RNA microsequencing for exploring optic nerve crush (ONC)–related early mRNA alterations in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) layer.
An LCM protocol was developed using retinal tissue sections to obtain high-quality RNA for microsequencing. Cells in the RGC layer were collected by laser pressure catapulting (LPC) using a PALM Zeiss UV LCM system. The effect of section thickness and slide type on tissue capture success and RNA yield and the integrity after LCM were evaluated. The optimal LCM protocol was used to explore ONC-related early mRNA alterations in the RGC layer. Candidate genes were validated by real-time polymerase chain reaction of the RGC layer tissue dissected by “cut and LPC” using the same LCM system.
We successfully established an optimal LCM protocol using 30-µm–thick retinal tissue sections mounted on glass slides and laser pressure catapulting (LPC) to collect cells in the RGC layer and to obtain high-quality RNA for microsequencing. On the basis of our protocol, we identified 8744 differentially expressed genes that were involved in ONC-related early mRNA alterations in the RGC layer. Candidate genes included Atf3, Lgals3, LOC102551701, Plaur, Tmem140, and Maml1.
The LCM-based single-cell RNA sequencing allowed a new sight into the early mRNA changes of RGCs highlighting new molecules associated to ONC.
This technique will be helpful for more accurate transcriptome analysis of clinical pathological samples of ophthalmology and provide important reference for the discovery of new pathological diagnosis indicators and drug development targets.
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