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Jing Jin, Annie Apple, Amanda Friess, Sharon Lehman, Jonathan Salvin, Dorothy Hendricks, Julia Reid, Jingyun Wang; Using OCT Fixation Shift to Assess Eccentric Fixation in Children With Residual Amblyopia. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(12):30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.12.30.
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Eccentric fixation in amblyopia is often estimated grossly without precision. Although the usefulness of optical coherence tomography (OCT) fixation shift in the quantification of eccentric fixation in a small cohort of amblyopic children was recently reported, there is a lack of understanding of characteristics of OCT fixation shift. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated eccentric fixation with OCT in a large cohort of children with residual amblyopia.
Children, age 4 to 17 years, with residual amblyopia (amblyopic, n = 56) and without amblyopia (control, n = 75) were enrolled. Amblyopia was associated with anisometropia alone (anisometropia subtype, n = 28) and strabismus without or with anisometropia (strabismic subtype, n = 28). Spectral domain OCT was used to estimate fixation. The OCT fixation shift, defined as the distance between the fovea and the fixation point, was measured and adjusted with calculated axial length and converted into visual degrees. Fixation shift in amblyopic eyes, fellow nonamblyopic eyes, and right eyes of the control group were compared. Fixation shift between the anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia subtypes was also compared. Its correlation with visual acuity was estimated.
The mean fixation shift was significantly different: 0.17° ± 0.29° for control right eyes, 0.94° ± 1.24° for amblyopic eyes, and 0.34° ± 0.57° for fellow eyes (χ2 = 23.3; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between fellow eyes and control eyes (P = 0.11). Fixation shift in amblyopic eyes was significantly correlated with visual acuity (R = 0.44; P < 0.001), and it was significantly smaller in the anisometropic subtype than in the strabismic subtypes (0.34° ± 0.46° vs. 1.54° ± 1.48°, W = 338, P < 0.001).
OCT fixation shift can be used both in detection and quantification of eccentric fixation in children with residual amblyopia, especially in those with strabismus.
OCT fixation shift offers a convenient clinical approach in quantitative evaluation of eccentric fixation in children with strabismic amblyopia.
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