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Dun Jack Fu, Edwin H. A. Allen, Robyn P. Hickerson, Deena M. Leslie Pedrioli, W. H. Irwin McLean; Development of a Corneal Bioluminescence Mouse for Real-Time In Vivo Evaluation of Gene Therapies. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2020;9(13):44. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.9.13.44.
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The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize a novel bioluminescence transgenic mouse model that facilitates rapid evaluation of genetic medicine delivery methods for inherited and acquired corneal diseases.
Corneal expression of the firefly luciferase transgene (luc2) was achieved via insertion into the Krt12 locus, a type I intermediate filament keratin that is exclusively expressed in the cornea, to generate the Krt12luc2 mouse. The transgene includes a multiple target cassette with human pathogenic mutations in K3 and K12.
The Krt12luc2 mouse exclusively expresses luc2 in the corneal epithelium under control of the keratin K12 promoter. The luc2 protein is enzymatically active, can be readily visualized, and exhibits a symmetrically consistent readout. Moreover, structural integrity of the corneal epithelium is preserved in mice that are heterozygous for the luc2 transgene (Krt12+/luc2).
This novel Krt12luc2 mouse model represents a potentially ideal in vivo system for evaluating the efficacies of cornea-targeting gene therapies and for establishing and/or validating new delivery modalities. Importantly, the multiple targeting cassette that is included in the Luc2 transgene will greatly reduce mouse numbers required for in vivo therapy evaluation.
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