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Louise Terry, Sameer Trikha, Kanwal K. Bhatia, Mark S. Graham, Ashley Wood; Evaluation of Automated Multiclass Fluid Segmentation in Optical Coherence Tomography Images Using the Pegasus Fluid Segmentation Algorithms. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(1):27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.1.27.
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To evaluate the performance of the Pegasus-OCT (Visulytix Ltd) multiclass automated fluid segmentation algorithms on independent spectral domain optical coherence tomography data sets.
The Pegasus automated fluid segmentation algorithms were applied to three data sets with edematous pathology, comprising 750, 600, and 110 b-scans, respectively. Intraretinal fluid (IRF), sub-retinal fluid (SRF), and pigment epithelial detachment (PED) were automatically segmented by Pegasus-OCT for each b-scan where ground truth from data set owners was available. Detection performance was assessed by calculating sensitivities and specificities, while Dice coefficients were used to assess agreement between the segmentation methods.
For two data sets, IRF detection yielded promising sensitivities (0.98 and 0.94, respectively) and specificities (1.00 and 0.98) but less consistent agreement with the ground truth (dice coefficients 0.81 and 0.59); likewise, SRF detection showed high sensitivity (0.86 and 0.98) and specificity (0.83 and 0.89) but less consistent agreement (0.59 and 0.78). PED detection on the first data set showed moderate agreement (0.66) with high sensitivity (0.97) and specificity (0.98). IRF detection in a third data set yielded less favorable agreement (0.46–0.57) and sensitivity (0.59–0.68), attributed to image quality and ground truth grader discordance.
The Pegasus automated fluid segmentation algorithms were able to detect IRF, SRF, and PED in SD-OCT b-scans acquired across multiple independent data sets. Dice coefficients and sensitivity and specificity values indicate the potential for application to automated detection and monitoring of retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic macular edema.
The potential of Pegasus-OCT for automated fluid quantification and differentiation of IRF, SRF, and PED in OCT images has application to both clinical practice and research.
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