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Hyungjun Kim, Jong Sub Lee, Hae Min Park, Hyunsoo Cho, Han Woong Lim, Mincheol Seong, Junhong Park, Won June Lee; A Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography Normative Database Considering the Fovea-Disc Relationship for Glaucoma Detection. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(2):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.2.7.
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One purpose of this study was to collect wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) data from healthy eyes and build a wide-filed normative database. Another purpose was to compare the glaucoma diagnostic ability of new parameters based on this normative database to the parameters that are currently in use, such as the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer, and ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness.
This study had 220 healthy eyes and 292 eyes with early-stage glaucoma (EG) and moderate-stage glaucoma (MG) enrolled. Using the wide-field SS-OCT images (12 × 9 mm) of healthy eyes, a wide-field normative database was constructed by transforming and combining the individual images into a uniform template using the fovea and optic disc centers as fixed landmarks. Adjustment for the disc size was conducted. With this normative database, new parameters based on the ratio of the fovea-disc distance (FDD) consisting of the fovea-disc relationship were evaluated. The glaucoma diagnostic ability was assessed based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).
Among the new peripapillary parameters, the RNFL of the circumference of the circle with diameter 0.8 FDD showed the highest AUC value for EG and MG, but the value was not significantly superior to that of the initial RNFL (AUC = 0.940 vs. 0.937, P = 0.631). Among the macular parameters, the GCC of the area of the circle of 1.5 FDD showed the highest AUC value for EG and MG, and the value was significantly superior to that of initial GCC (AUC = 0.929 vs. 0.919, P = 0.033). However, there was no significant difference between the initial and adjusted GCC thickness in patients included in the EG or MG groups separately.
A wide-field normative database was built to consider the relationship between the fovea and the optic disc. Considering this aspect, we found that the GCC analysis using a broader area presented a significantly greater glaucoma diagnostic performance for EG and MG in the macula than the initial parameter for the GCC.
Based on this wide-field normative database, the clinical use of a wide-field deviation map may help diagnose the patients with EG and MG in the future.
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