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Akira Obana, Kibo Ote, Fumio Hashimoto, Ryo Asaoka, Yuko Gohto, Shigetoshi Okazaki, Hidenao Yamada; Correction for the Influence of Cataract on Macular Pigment Measurement by Autofluorescence Technique Using Deep Learning. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(2):18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.2.18.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Measurements of macular pigment optical density (MPOD) by the autofluorescence technique yield underestimations of actual values in eyes with cataract. We applied deep learning (DL) to correct this error.
Subjects and Methods:
MPOD was measured by SPECTRALIS (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) in 197 eyes before and after cataract surgery. The nominal MPOD values (= preoperative value) were corrected by three methods: the regression equation (RE) method, subjective classification (SC) method (described in our previous study), and DL method. The errors between the corrected and true values (= postoperative value) were calculated for local MPODs at 0.25°, 0.5°, 1°, and 2° eccentricities and macular pigment optical volume (MPOV) within 9° eccentricity.
The mean error for MPODs at four eccentricities was 32% without any correction, 15% with correction by RE, 16% with correction by SC, and 14% with correction by DL. The mean error for MPOV was 21% without correction and 14%, 10%, and 10%, respectively, with correction by the same methods. The errors with any correction were significantly lower than those without correction (P < 0.001, linear mixed model with Tukey's test). The errors with DL correction were significantly lower than those with RE correction in MPOD at 1° eccentricity and MPOV (P < 0.001) and were equivalent to those with SC correction.
The objective method using DL was useful to correct MPOD values measured in aged people.
MPOD can be obtained with small errors in eyes with cataract using DL.
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