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Rony Carlos Preti, Claudio Iovino, Maria Fernanda Abalem, Rafael Garcia, Helen Nazareth Veloso dos Santos, Gustavo Sakuno, Adrian Au, Leonardo Provetti Cunha, Leandro Cabral Zacharias, Mario Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro, Srinivas Reddy Sadda, David Sarraf; Prevalence of Focal Inner, Middle, and Combined Retinal Thinning in Diabetic Patients and Its Relationship With Systemic and Ocular Parameters. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(2):26. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.2.26.
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To determine the prevalence of focal inner, middle, and combined inner/middle retinal thinning (FIRT, FMRT, and FCRT, respectively) in different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) without diabetic macular edema and to assess the relationship between such findings with ocular and systemic parameters.
This was a cross-sectional, comparative study comprising healthy participants and diabetic patients with different stages of DR. Forty-nine horizontal macular B-scans from the selected eye were obtained using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and analyzed for the presence of FIRT, FMRT, or FCRT and any relationship with systemic and ocular parameters. Focal retinal thinning (FRT) was subjectively defined as any evidence of inner and/or middle retinal thinning.
A total of 190 participants (52 healthy participants and 138 diabetic patients) were included. A higher prevalence of FRT was observed in eyes with advanced DR versus healthy eyes and versus diabetic eyes with no DR or mild DR. FIRT and FCRT were significantly greater in eyes with proliferative DR treated with pan-retinal photocoagulation, and FMRT was significantly more common in eyes with severe nonproliferative DR. FRT was significantly more common in patients with coronary artery disease and was positively correlated with diabetes duration, serum creatinine, and glycosylated hemoglobin and negatively correlated with age, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and visual acuity.
FRT occurs in all stages of DR and is increasingly prevalent with increasing severity of DR.
OCT identification of FRT may provide a surrogate biomarker of retinal and systemic disease in diabetic patients.
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