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Stela Vujosevic, Caterina Toma, Valentina Sarao, Daniele Veritti, Marco Brambilla, Andrea Muraca, Stefano De Cillà, Edoardo Villani, Paolo Nucci, Paolo Lanzetta; Color Fundus Autofluorescence to Determine Activity of Macular Neovascularization in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(2):33. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.2.33.
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To evaluate with color fundus autofluorescence (FAF) different lesion components of macular neovascularization (MNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to assess its activity.
In total, 137 eyes (102 patients) with MNV underwent a complete eye examination, including color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography, and confocal color FAF, with an excitation wavelength at 450 nm. Each image was imported into a custom-image analysis software for quantitative estimation of emission wavelength and green and red emission fluorescence (GEFC/REFC) intensity, considering both single components of neovascular AMD and different MNV types (type 1 and type 2 MNV, active and inactive MNV).
Subretinal fluid (SRF) had significantly higher values of GEFC (P = 0.008 and P = 0.0004) and REFC intensity (P = 0.005 and P = 0.0003) versus fibrosis and atrophy. The emission wavelength from SRF was lower compared to atrophy (P = 0.024) but not to fibrosis (P = 0.46). No significant differences were detected between type 1 and 2 MNV. Considering active versus inactive MNVs, a difference was detected for all evaluated parameters (P < 0.001). Mean FAF wavelength of both MNV with SRF and intraretinal fluid (IRF) was lower versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001 and P = 0.005). MNV with SRF (P < 0.001) had higher values of GEFC and REFC versus inactive MNV (P < 0.001). MNV with IRF had higher values of GEFC versus inactive MNV (P = 0.05).
Quantitative color FAF can differentiate active versus inactive MNV, whereas no differences were found between type 1 and type 2 MNV. If these data can be further confirmed, color FAF may be useful for automatic detection of active MNV in AMD and as a guide for treatment.
Automatic quantitative evaluation of green and red emission components of FAF in AMD can help determine the activity of MNV and guide the treatment.
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