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Danial Roshandel, Jennifer A. Thompson, Rachael C. Heath Jeffery, Danuta M. Sampson, Enid Chelva, Terri L. McLaren, Tina M. Lamey, John N. De Roach, Shane R. Durkin, Fred K. Chen; Multimodal Retinal Imaging and Microperimetry Reveal a Novel Phenotype and Potential Trial End Points in CRB1-Associated Retinopathies. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(2):38. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.2.38.
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Biallelic crumbs cell polarity complex component 1 (CRB1) mutations can present as Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), retinitis pigmentosa (RP), or cystic maculopathy. This study reports a novel phenotype of asymptomatic fenestrated slit maculopathy (AFSM) and examines macular volume profile and microperimetry as clinical trial end points in CRB1-associated retinopathies.
Twelve patients from nine families with CRB1 mutation were recruited. Ultra-widefield (UWF) color fundus photography and autofluorescence (AF), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), microperimetry, and adaptive optics (AO) imaging were performed. Macular volume profiles were compared with age-matched healthy controls. Genotyping was performed using APEX genotyping microarrays, targeted next-generation sequencing, and Sanger sequencing.
We identified one patient with LCA, five patients with RP, and four patients with macular dystrophy (MD) with biallelic CRB1 mutations. Two siblings with compound heterozygote genotype (c.[2843G>A]; [498_506del]) had AFSM characterized by localized outer retinal disruption on SD-OCT and parafoveal cone loss on AO imaging despite normal fundus appearance, visual acuity, and foveal sensitivity. UWF AF demonstrated preserved para-arteriolar retinal pigment epithelium (PPRPE) in all patients with RP. Microperimetry documented preserved central retinal function in six patients. The ratio of perifoveal-to-foveal retinal volume was greater than controls in 89% (8/9) of patients with RP or MD, whereas central subfield and total macular volume were outside normal limits in 67% (6/9).
AO imaging was helpful in detecting parafoveal cone loss in asymptomatic patients. Macular volume profile and microperimetry parameters may have utility as CRB1 trials end points.
Macular volume and sensitivity can be used as structural and functional end points for trials on CRB1-associated RP and MD.
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