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Mordechai Goldenfeld, Michael Belkin, Masha Dobkin-Bekman, Zachary Sacks, Sharon Blum Meirovitch, Noa Geffen, Ari Leshno, Alon Skaat; Automated Direct Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty: First Prospective Clinical Trial. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(3):5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.3.5.
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Direct selective laser trabeculoplasty (DSLT) is a rapid, noncontact automated procedure performed directly through the limbus without gonioscopy. In this first nonrandomized clinical trial we assessed its safety and ability to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP).
Fifteen patients (15 eyes: 10 with open-angle glaucoma [OAG], 4 with ocular hypertension, and 1 with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma), naive or after medication washout, with an IOP ≥22 mm Hg, underwent DSLT by irradiation with 100 or 120 sequential noncontact 532-nm, Q-switched laser shots (0.8−1.4 mJ) automatically applied during 1.5 or 2.3 seconds on the limbus, guided by image analysis and eye tracking. Results were assessed at 1 and 3 hours, 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months.
The mean ± standard deviation baseline IOP (mm Hg) in all eyes was 26.7 ± 2.3. At 1, 3, and 6 months, this value was significantly reduced to 21.7 ± 4.2 (by 18.1%), to 20.8 ± 2.5 (by 21.4%), and to 21.5 ± 4.1 (by 18.8%), respectively. In six patients treated with 1.4 mJ/shot, the mean IOP at 6 months decreased from 26.7 ± 3.2 to 19.3 ± 2.0 (27.1%, P = 0.03). There was a significant reduction in hypotensive medications (from 1.6 ± 1.0 to 0.4 ± 0.7, P = 0.03). No serious adverse events occurred.
Automated DSLT appears to be an effective and safe noncontact, rapid modality for reducing IOP in patients with OAG. Higher energy usage led to better results.
Studying laser transmission through sclera enabled laser irradiation of the trabeculum without gonioscopy.
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