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Takeshi Morimoto, Takashi Fujikado, Hiroyuki Kanda, Tomomitsu Miyoshi, Takao Endo, Kentaro Nishida, Haruhiko Kishima, Toru Saito, Kunihiko Ito, Motoki Ozawa, Kohji Nishida; Testing of Newly Developed Wide-Field Dual-Array Suprachoroidal–Transretinal Stimulation Prosthesis in Dogs. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(3):13. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.3.13.
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This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of a newly developed wide-field dual-array suprachoroidal–transretinal stimulation (STS) prosthesis in dogs and to examine its biocompatibility and stability over a 4-month period.
Three types of STS dual arrays were designed and tested. The STS dual-array was implanted into a scleral pocket of the left eye of six healthy beagle dogs. Ophthalmic examinations, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA), electroretinography (ERG), and functional testing of this system were conducted postoperatively. The dogs were euthanatized at the end of the experiment, and their eyes were enucleated and histologically examined.
All prostheses were successfully implanted without complications, and no serious adverse event occurred during the postoperative period. Fundus photographs and FA showed no serious damage in the retina surrounding the arrays. The ERGs recorded from the implanted eyes showed no significant differences from those from control eyes. Histological evaluations demonstrated good preservation of the retina over the array. However, system failure occurred in 50% of the dogs owing to dog-specific habits.
Implantation of this prosthesis system in dogs is feasible and can be performed without significant damage to the eye. The biocompatibility and stability of the array were good during the observation period, but the low durability of the system against dogs (not humans) is an issue to be resolved in the future.
This study suggests that this wide-field dual-array prosthesis might widen the visual field and might be useful for patients with retinitis pigmentosa.
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