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Rachelle Koch, Brendan Seto, Keiko Yamada, Purva Atreay, Colin A. Lemire, Nina Hazra, Jorge G. Arroyo; Relative Retinal Blood Flow: A Novel and Informative Measure of Unilateral Retinal Vein Occlusion Severity. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(3):15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.3.15.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study quantifies retinal vascular blood flow affected by unilateral central or branch retinal vein occlusion (CRVO or BRVO). We created a new, unitless metric for the severity of these diseases—relative blood flow (RBF)—and contextualized it with subject demographics, ocular presentation, and systemic conditions. Finally, we explored its efficacy as a predictor of future outcomes.
Data were collected from 20 control subjects and 32 clinically diagnosed CRVO (n = 15) or BRVO (n = 17) patients. We used laser speckle flowgraphy to quantify blood flow as mean blur rate and present RBF as the ratio between the blood flow in a subject's diseased and undiseased eyes. Because of our demonstration that blood flow has high intrapatient (between eyes and over time) but low interpatient correlation in eyes of healthy subjects, any differences between eyes can be attributed to the disease. These data were correlated with subject demographics and disease characteristics.
In CRVO and BRVO eyes, average blood flow decreased by 26% and 7%, respectively. In CRVO, occlusion duration, central macular thickness, intraocular pressure, diabetes, previous laser and injection treatments, and injection within three months after measurement were significantly associated with RBF. In BRVO, no significant associations with RBF were found.
Blood flow in CRVO and BRVO was reduced compared to the unaffected fellow eye in most patients. RBF was useful in determining the severity of RVOs and predicting future treatment needs.
RBF is a promising new and informative metric for quantifying the severity of unilateral RVOs.
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