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Ana Marie L. Rubenicia, Leo D. P. Cubillan, Victor Arni D. P. Sicam, Allan Patrick G. Macabeo, Oliver B. Villaflores, Agnes L. Castillo; Intraocular Pressure Reduction Effect of 0.005% Latanoprost Eye Drops in a Hyaluronic Acid-Chitosan Nanoparticle Drug Delivery System in Albino Rabbits. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(4):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.4.2.
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction efficiency of hyaluronic acid-chitosan-latanoprost link nanoparticle (HA-CS-latanoprost link NP) formulated eye drops.
The IOP reduction study was performed in 24 normotensive albino rabbits. The test animals were randomized and grouped accordingly to treatment namely, HA-CS-latanoprost link NP, plain latanoprost, and the commercially available Xalatan eye drop, all were formulated with 0.005% latanoprost. The 9 days of the experiment were divided into baseline period (days 1–2), treatment period (days 3–6), and recovery period (days 7–9). A wireless noncontact tonometer was used to measure IOP at a time interval of 2 hours for 12 hours per day with 5 readings each.
The highest mean daily IOP reduction during the treatment period was 24% for plain latanoprost, 23% for Xalatan, and 29% for HA-CS-latanoprost link NP. The maximum reduction in IOP for plain latanoprost and Xalatan all occurred at the sixth hour with the peak effects of 4.85 mm Hg (37%) and 4.8 mm Hg (36%), respectively. Although HA-CS-latanoprost link NP had peak effects of 5.75 mm Hg (43%) at the sixth hour and 5.22 mm Hg (39%) at the eighth hour. Daily mean IOP measurements of each treatment group showed that HA-CS-latanoprost link NP has a greater IOP reduction effect compared with the other two treatments (P < 0.001).
The results showed that the formulation of latanoprost with CS and HA is more effective in reducing the IOP than by drug alone.
The results provide evidence from animal experiment that HA-CS-latanoprost link NP formulation could improve and sustain drug concentration in the anterior segment of the eye. The improved reduction in IOP with that HA-CS-latanoprost link NP formulation can serve as a basis that latanoprost eye drops can be formulated with decreased concentration of benzalkonium HCl, an irritant preservative and penetration enhancer.
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