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Zubin Mishra, Ziyuan Wang, SriniVas R. Sadda, Zhihong Hu; Automatic Segmentation in Multiple OCT Layers For Stargardt Disease Characterization Via Deep Learning. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(4):24. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.4.24.
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This study sought to perform automated segmentation of 11 retinal layers and Stargardt-associated features on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images and to analyze differences between normal eyes and eyes diagnosed with Stargardt disease.
Automated segmentation was accomplished through application of the deep learning–shortest path (DL-SP) framework, a shortest path segmentation approach that is enhanced by a deep learning fully convolutional neural network. To compare normal eyes and eyes diagnosed with Stargardt disease, various retinal layer thickness and intensity feature maps associated with the outer retinal layers were generated.
The automated DL-SP approach achieved a mean difference within a subpixel accuracy range for all layers when compared to manually traced layers by expert graders. The algorithm achieved mean and absolute mean differences in border positions for Stargardt features of −0.11 ± 4.17 pixels and 1.92 ± 3.71 pixels, respectively. In several of the feature maps generated, the characteristic Stargardt features of flecks and atrophic-appearing lesions were readily visualized.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first automated algorithm for 11 retinal layer segmentation on OCT in eyes with Stargardt disease, and, furthermore, the feature differences found between eyes diagnosed with Stargardt disease and normal eyes may inform new insights and the better understanding of retinal characteristic morphologic changes caused by Stargardt disease.
The automated algorithm's performance and the feature differences found using the algorithm's segmentation support the future applications of SD-OCT for the quantitative monitoring of Stargardt disease.
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