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Yun Wen, Zidong Chen, Chengguo Zuo, Yangfan Yang, Jiangang Xu, Yang Kong, Hui Cheng, Minbin Yu; High-Pass Visual Acuity Loss and Macular Structure-Function Relationship in Patients With Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(4):26. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.4.26.
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The Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution (logMAR) chart is the most common clinical test for assessing central visual function in glaucoma. However, based on the use of these charts, visual acuity (VA) often remains normal even when severe macular damage exists. Here, we aim to investigate the potential advantages of high-pass VA in detecting glaucoma compared with conventional VA.
Monocular best-corrected VA measurements were compared for a novel high-pass electronic VA chart (e-chart) and a conventional e-chart in 113 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients with normal logMAR VA and 65 age-similar healthy controls. One hundred thirty-nine POAG patients underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) for measurement of macular ganglion cell layer plus inner plexiform layer (GCL+IPL) thickness. Structure-function relationships between OCT measurements and the two VAs were compared. The enrolled eyes were divided into two groups for further analyses according to macular visual field (MVF) defects, specifically two or more adjacent abnormal points within the 12 central sites of 30-2 VF.
The mean deviation (MD) of 30-2 VF test was −12.77 ± 7.47 dB for glaucoma group and −1.70 ± 1.12 dB for control group. The mean difference of the two VAs was slightly larger in glaucoma group (0.29 logMAR) than in control group (0.22 logMAR). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the high-pass e-chart was larger than that of conventional e-chart (0.917 vs. 0.757, P < 0.001). Significant correlations between high-pass VA and GCL+IPL thickness were found only in the MVF-damaged group. Compared with conventional VA, high-pass VA demonstrates stronger correlations with nasal-side macular GCL+IPL thickness (Fisher's Z-test, two-tailed, P2mm in diameter = 0.033 and P3mm in diameter = 0.005).
Compared with conventional VA, high-pass VA displays slightly higher sensitivity to visual loss in glaucoma and has a stronger correlation with the nasal-side macular GCL+IPL thickness.
The high-pass acuity test has the potential to be used as an ancillary tool to monitor glaucoma over time.
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