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Zhipeng Chen, Yijing Zhuang, Zixuan Xu, Lily Y. L. Chan, Shenglan Zhang, Qingqing Ye, Lei Feng, Zhong-Lin Lu, Jinrong Li; Sensitivity and Stability of Functional Vision Tests in Detecting Subtle Changes Under Multiple Simulated Conditions. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(7):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.7.7.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To explore whether subtle changes in visual quality can be detected using different measures of visual function against the quick contrast sensitivity function test (quick CSF).
Sixty participants, aged 17 to 34 years, were enrolled. Participants’ vision was degraded by 0.25 D undercorrection (0.25 D), 60% neutral density filter brightness reduction (60% ND), and 0.8 Bangerter foil optical diffusion (0.8BAN). Visual function tests including visual acuity and contrast sensitivity (CSV-1000E and quick CSF) were measured with participant's best-corrected vision and under simulated visual degradation conditions. Test sensitivities in detecting differences were compared.
Statistically significant visual acuity degradation was observed in the 0.8BAN condition only (Pcorrected < 0.001). With CSV-1000E and outliers removed, significant CS degradation was observed in all spatial frequencies, area under log CSF (AULCSF) in the 0.8BAN condition (Pcorrected < 0.001 for all), medium and high spatial frequencies and AULCSF in the 60%ND condition (Pcorrected,6cpd = 0.002, Pcorrected,12cpd = 0.005, Pcorrected,18cpd = 0.001, Pcorrected,AULCSF < 0.001) and the 0.25 D condition (Pcorrected,6cpd = 0.011, Pcorrected,12cpd = 0.013, Pcorrected,18cpd = 0.015, Pcorrected,AULCSF < 0.001). With the quick CSF, significant CS degradation was observed in all simulated visual conditions in all spatial frequencies, cutoff frequency and AULCSF (Pcorrected < 0.001 for all). Test-retest reliability of the quick CSF method was high; coefficient of repeatability ranged from 0.14 to 0.18 logCS.
Compared with visual acuity and chart-based CS tests, the quick CSF method provided more reliable and sensitive measures to detect small visual changes.
The quick CSF method can provide sensitive and reliable measures to monitor disease progression and assess treatment outcomes.
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