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Ananth Sastry, Jianwei D. Li, William Raynor, Christian Viehland, Zhenxi Song, Liangyu Xu, Sina Farsiu, Joseph A. Izatt, Cynthia A. Toth, Lejla Vajzovic; Microscope-Integrated OCT-Guided Volumetric Measurements of Subretinal Blebs Created by a Suprachoroidal Approach. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(7):24. https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.7.24.
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To investigate the use of imaging modalities in the volumetric measurement of the subretinal space and examine the volume of subretinal blebs created by a subretinal drug delivery device utilizing microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (MIOCT).
An MIOCT image-based volume measurement method was developed and assessed for accuracy and reproducibility by imaging ceramic spheres of known size that were surgically implanted into ex vivo porcine eyes. This method was then used to measure subretinal blebs created in 10 porcine eyes by injection of balanced salt solution utilizing a subretinal delivery device via a suprachoroidal cannula. Bleb volumes obtained from MIOCT were compared to the intended injection volume.
Validation of image-based volume measurements of ceramic spheres showed accuracy to ±0.029 µL (5.6%) for objects imaged over the posterior pole and ±0.025 µL (4.8%) over peripheral retina. The mean expected injection volume from extraocular tests of the suprachoroidal cannula was 66.44 µL (σ = 2.4 µL). The mean injection volume as measured by the MIOCT imaging method was 54.8 µL (σ = 12.3 µL), or 82.48% of expected injection volume.
MIOCT can measure the volume of subretinal blebs with accuracy and precision. The novel suprachoroidal approach using a subretinal delivery device was able to deliver greater than 80% of expected injection volume into the subretinal space, as assessed by MIOCT.
MIOCT provides a method for visualization, and analysis of images enables surgeons to quantify and evaluate the success of subretinal drug delivery via a suprachoroidal approach.
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