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Minjeong Kim, Yeoun Sook Chun, Kyoung Woo Kim; Evaluation of Primary Pterygia on Basis of the Loss of Vertical Length of Plica Semilunaris. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(8):18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.8.18.
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To propose a new grading system for primary pterygia based on the morphological loss of vertical length of plica semilunaris (LPS).
We included 50 eyes from 41 patients with primary pterygium. LPS was defined and quantified as the ratio of the length of loss of the normal vertical morphology at plica semilunaris to the vertical corneal diameter using anterior-segment photographs. Grades of tear metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) expression by point-of-care immunoassay, which is a well-known biomarker for inflammation, was correlated with the extent of LPS (%) of pterygia. Then, LPS was paralleled with the pre-established grading systems on the basis of tissue translucency (i.e., T grade) and vascularity (i.e., V grade) of the pterygium body.
MMP-9 grades was 2.39 ± 1.12 in the group with LPS ≥50% and was 1.56 ± 1.12 in the group with LPS <50% (P = 0.016). In a linear regression, the extent of LPS was positively correlated with MMP-9 grades (r = 0.315, P = 0.026). MMP-9 expression did not differ between T grades or V grades. The extents of LPS were well correlated positively with both T grades (r = 0.495 and P < 0.001) and V grades (r = 0.344 and P = 0.015).
We devised a new grading system using LPS on the basis of morphological loss of the normal vertical plica semilunaris in primary pterygia. The extent of LPS correlated well with T grades and V grades and also reflected the expression of MMP-9 in tears.
The new clinical LPS grading system reflects severity and MMP-9 expression in tears in primary pterygia.
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