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Tomokazu Fujimoto, Kei-Ichi Nakashima, Fumika Watanabe-Kitamura, Takahiro Watanabe, Kenichi Nakamura, Kentaro Maki, Atsushi Shimazaki, Masatomo Kato, Hidenobu Tanihara, Toshihiro Inoue; Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of Trabeculectomy Versus MicroShunt Insertion in Rabbit Eyes. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(9):9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.9.9.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare the surgical results of PRESERFLO MicroShunt (MicroShunt) insertion and trabeculectomy in rabbit eyes.
Trabeculectomy or MicroShunt insertion was performed on the eyes of Japanese white rabbits. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured on conscious rabbits using a rebound tonometer for up to 12 weeks after surgery. Filtering bleb appearance was evaluated. Scarring in the filtering bleb was assessed by immunohistochemical analyses. The change in mRNA expression in the conjunctiva was evaluated using RNA sequence analyses.
The preoperative IOP of the operative eye did not differ significantly between trabeculectomy (11.6 ± 1.0 mmHg, n = 10) and MicroShunt insertion (12.6 ± 1.3 mmHg, n = 10). In both groups, the IOP of the operative eye was significantly lower than that of the contralateral eye at one day postoperatively, which continued until 12 weeks after surgery. The peak differences in IOP were −8.4 ± 3.0 (trabeculectomy) and −8.1 ± 2.1 mmHg (MicroShunt) at two weeks after surgery; no significant differences were observed in IOP reduction between the groups. Appearance and immunohistochemical analyses of the filtering bleb showed no significant difference between the groups. Moreover, RNA sequence analysis results showed no difference between the groups in mRNA expression fluctuations.
Postoperative IOP, bleb appearance, and immunohistochemical analysis results were similar in the trabeculectomy and MicroShunt groups, indicating that MicroShunt insertion is as effective as trabeculectomy in lowering IOP.
Comparison of surgical procedures using animal models has made it possible to predict clinical efficacy and safety.
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