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Alberto Haber-Olguin, Eduardo J. Polania-Baron, Francisco Trujillo-Trujillo, Enrique O. Graue Hernandez; Thermographic Behavior of the Cornea During Treatment With Two Excimer Laser Platforms. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(9):27. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.9.27.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the temperature of the cornea during treatment with the excimer laser using two platforms, Nidek EC-5000 and Schwind Amaris 750S.
A prospective case series study was conducted in a reference center in Mexico City including patients aged 18 years or older who had any type of ametropia and underwent excimer laser refractive surgery. The patients had measurements of corneal temperature with an infrared camera before, during, and after ablation treatment. Results of prior corneal surface temperature, temperatures during excimer laser surgery, and delta temperature for each platform were analyzed and compared.
A total of 107 eyes were analyzed. Mean baseline temperature was 32.7 ± 1.03°C for the Nidek group and 31.5 ± 1.4°C for the Amaris group. Mean maximum temperature was 39.94 ± 1.3°C for the Nidek group and 35.6 ± 1.5 °C for the Amaris group. Delta temperature was higher in the Nidek group than in the Amaris group. There were statistically significant associations between treated micrometers, treated diopters, and time in the Nidek group and no such associations in the Amaris group.
The different excimer laser devices used and the variety in the optical design, together with different software ablation algorithms, resulted in different levels of thermal loading; peak temperature rose in all measurements. Eyes treated with Nidek reached temperatures that doubled those found with Amaris.
The correlation between Delta of temperature with defocus, depth, and treatment time is different regarding excimer laser generation.
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