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Arun K. Krishnan, Alejandro J. Roman, Malgorzata Swider, Samuel G. Jacobson, Artur V. Cideciyan; Macular Rod Function in Retinitis Pigmentosa Measured With Scotopic Microperimetry. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(11):3. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.11.3.
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To investigate the validity and reliability of macular rod photoreceptor function measurement with a microperimeter.
Macular sensitivity in dark-adapted retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients (22 eyes; 9–67 years of age) and controls (five eyes; 22–55 years of age) was assessed with a modified Humphrey field analyzer (mHFA), as well as a scotopic microperimeter (Nidek MP-1S). Sensitivity loss (SL) was estimated at rod-mediated locations. All RP eyes were re-evaluated at a second visit 6 months later. The dynamic range of the MP-1S was expanded with a range of neutral-density filters (NDFs).
In controls, a 4 NDF was used at all macular locations tested. In patients with RP, 0 to 3 NDFs were used, depending on the local disease severity. At rod-mediated locations (n = 281), SL estimates obtained with the MP-1S were highly correlated (r = 0.80) with those of the mHFA. The inter-perimeter difference of SL averaged less than 3 decibels (dB) with all NDFs, except those with most severe locations evaluated with a 0 NDF, where the difference averaged more than 6 dB. The results were similar on the second visit.
The MP-1S estimates of SL are highly correlated with those of the mHFA over a wide range of disease severity replicated at two visits; however, there was an unexplained bias in the magnitude of SL estimated by the MP-1S especially at loci with severe disease.
MP-1S scotopic microperimetry can be used to evaluate changes to macular rod function, but evaluation of treatment potential by quantitative comparison of SL to retinal structure will be more challenging.
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