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Robyn H. Guymer, Rose S. Tan, Chi D. Luu; Comparison of Visual Function Tests in Intermediate Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(12):14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.12.14.
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Identifying the most sensitive functional measure in intermediate age-related macular degeneration (iAMD) could help select an appropriate test for monitoring disease progression and evaluating the efficacy of novel interventions for the early stages of AMD. The purpose of the study was to determine which commonly used visual function test is the most discriminatory when comparing individuals with iAMD to normal participants.
In this prospective observational study, iAMD cases and healthy controls underwent visual function testing (best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), low luminance visual acuity (LLVA), mesopic microperimetry, dark adaptation, and scotopic perimetry following photobleach), clinical eye examination, and multimodal retinal imaging in a single study visit. The data of each functional parameter were converted into z-score so that all the parameters had a common scale to allow a direct comparison between different functional parameters.
Forty-eight subjects (23 normal control, 25 iAMD) participated. Although all five parameters showed a significant reduction in function in iAMD eyes compared to controls (P ≤ 0.003), the rod intercept time (RIT) detected the greatest reduction in function followed by the scotopic sensitivity, mesopic sensitivity, BCVA, and LLVA, with the absolute mean z-score of 4.5, 2.2, 1.0, 1.0, and 1.2, respectively.
Among the five visual function parameters commonly used, RIT is the most discriminatory functional parameter in the early stages of AMD.
The RIT could be considered for assessing visual function and evaluating efficacy of novel interventions aimed at improving retinal function in eyes with early stages of AMD.
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