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Michael M. Park, Benjamin K. Young, Liangbo L. Shen, Ron A. Adelman, Lucian V. Del Priore; Topographic Variation of Retinal Vascular Density in Normal Eyes Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(12):15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.12.15.
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To establish a continuous topography of retinal vessel density in normal eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
A retrospective chart review was performed, and 8-mm × 8-mm OCTA images from 22 normal eyes were analyzed. Vessel density was plotted as a continuous function of distance from the foveal center (radial vessel density) and directional meridians (directional vessel density) for the superficial capillary plexus and deep capillary plexus.
Continuous radial and directional vessel density plots for the superficial and deep capillary plexus were generated. Radial vessel density analysis revealed transition points at 657 microns (95% confidence interval [CI], 619–696) and 950 microns (95% CI, 903–997) from the foveal center for the superficial plexus and deep plexus, respectively. Directional vessel density analysis demonstrated significant vessel density variations in these vascular layers and provided greater detail compared to traditional quadrant analysis.
There are significant topographic variations of retinal vessel density in normal eyes. Continuous vessel density analysis offers greater sensitivity in detecting topographic vessel density changes compared to traditional methods of analysis.
This study establishes a normative continuous vessel density topography that may help elucidate the role of the vascular bed in different chorioretinal diseases.
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