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Tian Han, Yang Shen, Jianmin Shang, Dan Fu, Feng Zhao, Jing Zhao, Meiyan Li, Xingtao Zhou; Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Small Incision Allogeneic Endokeratophakia Using a Hyperopic Lenticule in Rabbits. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(12):29. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.12.29.
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To investigate the morphologic and histopathologic changes in allogeneic endokeratophakia using hyperopic lenticules derived from small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).
Six New Zealand rabbits (12 eyes) were included in this experiment and randomly and evenly divided into donor and recipient groups. The donor group underwent bilateral hyperopic SMILE surgery, and the concave lenticules were implanted into eyes in the recipient group. Corneal topography and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) examinations were performed at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 5 months after surgery. All eyes were enucleated 5 months after surgery. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to observe the corneal morphology in the recipient group.
No complications were observed, and the corneas remained transparent in the follow-up period. There was mild corneal edema within 1 week after surgery. Slit-lamp microscopy and OCT showed that the lenticules were gradually integrated with the surrounding corneal stroma. HE staining showed that the arrangement of corneal collagen was regular. The boundary between the lenticules and surrounding tissue could be identified with HE staining and TEM, and no inflammatory cells were found under TEM. The corneal Km values were significantly lower at 5 months postoperatively compared to preoperatively (P < 0.05).
This pilot study showed that allogeneic hyperopic SMILE lenticule endokeratophakia seems to be safe and feasible.
Allogeneic hyperopic SMILE lenticule endokeratophakia may be applicable for the correction of corneal regression, ectasia, ultra-high myopia, or keratoconus.
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