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Kentaro Kawai, Tomoaki Murakami, Saori Sakaguchi, Tatsuya Yamada, Shin Kadomoto, Akihito Uji, Akitaka Tsujikawa; Peripheral Chorioretinal Imaging Through a Front Prism on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2021;10(14):36. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.10.14.36.
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To evaluate the clinical feasibility of peripheral chorioretinal imaging through a front prism on swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA).
We prospectively obtained en face OCTA images using SS-OCTA in 10 eyes of 10 healthy volunteers. For the peripheral chorioretinal imaging, the scanning laser passed and refracted through a 45°−90°−45° right-angle prism. We evaluated the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of chorioretinal vessels in the periphery.
Using peripheral chorioretinal imaging through a prism, the retinal vasculature was delineated to the equator on the OCTA images, and varices of the vortex vein ampullae were observed on choroidal OCT images. The 3 × 3-mm images revealed three-dimensional morphologies unique to the peripheral vasculature, such as the gap between retinal arterioles and venules in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and elliptical and greater lobules in the choriocapillaris layer. Compared with OCTA images obtained without the prism, those obtained through the prism demonstrated an approximately 1.24-fold increase in the lengths in the base apex direction, whereas the lengths in the perpendicular direction showed concordance. The peripheral vessel density (VD) in the inferior quadrant was lower than those in the other quadrants on the SCP and deep capillary plexus, whereas on the SCP images of the macula the lowest VD was observed in the temporal subfield.
Peripheral chorioretinal imaging allowed us to generate ultra-widefield panoramic OCTA images and demonstrated morphologic characteristics unique to peripheral chorioretinal vessels.
OCTA imaging through a front prism can be a technique for acquiring chorioretinal vasculature images in the periphery.
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