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Katelyn K. Dilley, Pamela A. Borden, Yueqiao Qu, Andrew E. Heidari, Karthik R. Prasad, Yan Li, Chung Ho Sun, Zhongping Chen, Sehwan Kim, Michael G. Hill, Brian J. F. Wong; Potential-Driven Electrochemical Clearing of Ex Vivo Alkaline Corneal Injuries. Trans. Vis. Sci. Tech. 2022;11(1):32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.1.32.
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Corneal chemical injuries (CCI) obscure vision by opacifying the cornea; however, current treatments may not fully restore clarity. Here, we investigated potential-driven electrochemical treatment (P-ECT) to restore clarity after alkaline-based CCI in ex vivo rabbit corneas and examined collagen fiber orientation changes using second harmonic generation (SHG).
NaOH was applied to the corneas of intact New Zealand white rabbit globes. P-ECT was performed on the opacified cornea while optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging (∼35 frames per second) was simultaneously performed. SHG imaging evaluated collagen fiber structure before NaOH application and after P-ECT. Irrigation with water served as a control.
P-ECT restored local optical clarity after NaOH exposure. OCT imaging shows both progression of NaOH injury and the restoration of clarity in real time. Analysis of SHG z-stack images show that collagen fibril orientation is similar between control, NaOH-damaged, and post-P-ECT corneas. NaOH-injured corneas flushed with water (15 minutes) show no restoration of clarity.
P-ECT may be a means to correct alkaline CCI. Collagen fibril orientation does not change after NaOH exposure or P-ECT, suggesting that no irreversible matrix level fiber changes occur. Further studies are required to determine the mechanism for corneal clearing and to ascertain the optimal electrical dosimetry parameters and electrode designs.
Our findings suggest that P-ECT is a potentially effective, low-cost treatment for alkaline CCI.
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